11:4, 6), and must look up to God, who gives seed to the sower, 2 Co. 9:10. Mark’s Good News. "If ye know not this, which is so plain, how will ye understand other parables, which will be more dark and obscure? 28. Thus he changed his method, that if possible all might be reached and wrought upon. The work of grace in the soul has mighty products, now while it is in its growth; but what will it be, when it is perfected in heaven? Parable in the Greek (parabolē) is composed of two words (para, beside and ballō, to cast). If he say, Peace, be still, there is a great calm presently. Take heed what you hear. Gifts and graces make a man as a candle; the candle of the Lord (Prov. The prophets do not live for ever; but the word which they preached, is doing its work, when they are in their graves, Zec. This parable is to teach you to be attentive to the word, and affected with it, that you may understand it. These declarations were intended to call the attention of the disciples to the word of Christ... View the entire commentary . Unto the other side. Here it is, How is it that ye have no faith? He began again to teach by the seaside. Victory Over Dangers Text: Mark 4:35-41 Introduction: The Gospel of Mark has been described as a book of Mighty Works. Many who are lighted as candles, put themselves under a bed, or under a bushel: they do not manifest grace themselves, nor minister grace to others; they have estates, and do no good with them; have their limbs and senses, wit and learning perhaps, but nobody is the better for them; they have spiritual gifts, but do not use them; like a taper in an urn, they burn to themselves. The Storm on the Sea. 58:2); of Herod, that he heard John gladly (ch. Commentary on Mark 4:21-34 (Read Mark 4:21-34) These declarations were intended to call the attention of the disciples to the word of Christ. Observe, Before Christ expounds the parable, [1.] That those who are good ought to consider the obligations they are under to do good; that is, as in the parable before, to bring forth fruit. The Candle Under a Bushel. They awoke Christ. I know no excuse for it, but the great familiarity which he was pleased to admit them into, and the freedom he allowed them; and the present distress they were in, which put them into such a fright, that they knew not what they said. As Jesus taught, a great crowd gathered, and Jesus stepped back into a boat on the sea, so that he may better be heard and seen. Mark 4:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 4:4, NIV: "As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up." 18:14. They do Christ a deal of wrong, who suspect him to be careless of his people in distress. The Spirit of God is carrying it on when they sleep, and can do no business (Job 33:15, 16), or when they rise to go about other business. But these parables he expounded to them, when they were alone. Caesar encouraged the master of the ship, that had him on board, with this, Caesarem vehis, et fortunam Caesaris—Thou hast Caesar on board, and Caesar’s fortune. Mark 4:26-29 The kingdom of God likened to the seed which groweth imperceptibly, Mark 4:30-34 and to a grain of mustard seed. They feared a great fear; so the original reads it. The parable of the seed, and the four sorts of ground (v. 1-9), with the exposition of it (v. 10-20), and the application of it (v. 21-25). It will help us to value the privileges we enjoy as disciples of Christ, if we seriously consider the deplorable state of all who have not such privileges. Mark 4:23.In Mark 4:9 a summons to try to understand the parable; here a summons to those who have understood, or shall understand, the parable, or the great theme of all the parables, to communicate their knowledge. Burying a talent is the betraying of a trust, and amounts to a forfeiture; and gifts and graces rust for want of wearing. Jesus’ role as teacher is important in this Gospel. Note, Sometimes when the church is in a storm, Christ seems as if he were asleep, unconcerned in the troubles of his people, and regardless of their prayers, and doth not presently appear for their relief. This is the sense of "the earth bringing forth fruit of herself," in Mark 4:27. Thus are we debtors both to the wise and to the unwise, Rom. 4. How gay and pleasant doth it look, when it is covered with green! Christ went about doing good, and no difficulties in his way should hinder him; thus industrious we should be in serving him, and our generation according to his will. 27. The word of command with which Christ rebuked the storm, we have here, and had not in Matthew, v. 39. 3. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Mark’s Gospel. It is spoken of as God’s prerogative to command the seas, Jer. Compare Luke 8:22-25 . 8:23, etc. Compare Luke 8:4-15 . 1. God carries on his work insensibly and without noise, but insuperably and without fail. Jesus took his message to the seashore and the open sky and delivered the parable of the sower ( Mark 4:1-9 ), explained it ( Mark 4:10-20 ), and gave a number of sentence sermons ( Mark 4:21-25 ). Mark 4:4, ESV: "And as he sowed, some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured it." 32:20), not knowing where it will light, or what fruit it will bring forth. Mark 4:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 4:12, NIV: "so that, ''they may be ever seeing but never perceiving, and ever hearing but never understanding; otherwise they might turn and be forgiven!''" Mark 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. If ye be faithful servants to him, he will be a faithful Master to you: with the upright he will show himself upright.". 4:1-20 This parable contained instruction so important, that all capable of hearing were bound to attend to it. Lastly, No good fruit is to be expected but from good seed. I confess this sounds somewhat harsh, rather like chiding him for sleeping than begging him to awake. Mark 4, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Compare 1 John 2:12-14 . 35. The reason given for this, is, because there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested, which should not be made manifest (so it might better be read), v. 22. 1. See note on Matt. The husbandman, when he hath sown the seed, doth nothing toward the springing of it up; He sleeps, and rises, night and day; goes to sleep at night, gets up in the morning, and perhaps never so much as thinks of the corn he hath sown, or ever looks upon it, but follows his pleasures or other business, and yet the earth brings forth fruit of itself, according to the ordinary course of nature, and by the concurring power of the God of nature. Mark 4:4, KJV: "And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up." 8. 13:13. Chapter 4 opens with a series of parables (the sower, the lamp and the bushel basket, the growing seed, and the mustard seed). It grows gradually; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear, v. 28. Mark 4 Commentary, this commentary ranks among the most important on the Greek text of the New Testament from the 19th century Note, The words of Christ demand attention, and those who speak from him, may command it, and should stir it up; even that which as yet we do not thoroughly understand, or not rightly, we must carefully attend to, believing it to be both intelligible and weighty, that at length we may understand it; we shall find more in Christ’s sayings than at first there seemed to be. 4:35. It concerns those who hear the word of the gospel, to mark what they hear, and to make a good use of it, because their weal or woe depends upon it; what he had said before he saith again, If any man have ears to hear, let him hear, v. 23. In the great … Mark’s Gospel is a gospel of deeds. Let us only observe here. Mark 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. Mark 4 Commentary. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He begins (v. 3), with, Hearken, and concludes (v. 9) with, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Note, It will help us to put a value upon the privileges we enjoy as disciples of Christ, to consider the deplorable state of those who want such privileges, especially that they are out of the ordinary way of conversion; lest they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them. Sixthly, Many that are not openly scandalized, so as to throw off their profession, as they on the stony ground did, yet have the efficacy of it secretly choked and stifled, so that it comes to nothing; they continue in a barren, hypocritical profession, which brings nothing to pass, and so go down as certainly, though more plausibly, to hell. Fourthly, The reason why the word doth not leave commanding, abiding, impressions upon the minds of the people, is, because their hearts are not duly disposed and prepared to receive it; the fault is in themselves, not in the word; some are careless forgetful hearers, and these get no good at all by the word; it comes in at one ear, and goes out at the other; others have their convictions overpowered by their corruptions, and they lose the good impressions the word has made upon them, so that they get no abiding good by it. Note, It is no new thing for that ship to be greatly hurried and endangered, in which Christ and his disciples, Christ and his name and gospel, are embarked. Matthew gives this saying more fully and clearly. We must not hence infer that we may be careless of our health, but we may learn hence not to be over nice and solicitous about the body. 21. The foregoing chapter began with Christ’s entering into the synagogue (v. 1); this chapter begins with Christ’s teaching again by the sea side. 13:31-35. Study the bible online using commentary on Mark 4 and more! Mark 4:10-13 Why Christ taught in parables. They had feared the power and wrath of the Creator in the storm, and that fear had torment and amazement in it; but now they feared the power and grace of the Redeemer in the calm; they feared the Lord and his goodness, and it had pleasure and satisfaction in it, and by it they gave glory to Christ, as Jonah’s mariners, who, when the sea ceased from her raging, feared the Lord exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the Lord, Jon. On the same day. He shows them what a shame it was, that they needed such particular explanations of the word they heard, and did not apprehend it at first. The word parable is used in Greek much more broadly than in English. II. He says, Peace, be still—Sioµpa, pephimoµso—be silent, be dumb. 1. The way of expounding that he used with his disciples; When he was alone by himself, not only the twelve, but others that were about him with the twelve, took the opportunity to ask him the meaning of the parables, v. 10. Christ was asleep in this storm; and here we are told that it was in the hinder part of the ship, the pilot’s place: he lay at the helm, to intimate that, as Mr. George Herbert expresses it. 13. No, they believed that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; but at this time their fears prevailed so that they seemed to have no faith at all. A candle gives light but a little way, and but a little while, and is easily blown out, and continually burning down and wasting. Think not confusedly, speak not unadvisedly; but be still. 45:15. It takes great faith to trust the sleeping Jesus, to know that He cares and works for us even when it does not seem like it. Jesus … There it is, Why are ye fearful? Matthew gives much the fullest account of this day's teaching, reporting a number of parables not found elsewhere. See note on Matt. 2:7); but they knew he would forgive them this wrong. Not that the disciples were without faith. We should hear attentively, earnestly and devoutly the word of the Lord. Luke 8:18 says, "How you hear." Mark 4:36 - Leaving the crowd, they *took Him along with them in the boat, just as He was; and other boats were with Him. His disciples encouraged themselves with their having his presence, and thought it the best way to improve that, and appeal to that, and ply the oar of prayer rather than their other oars. The gospel kingdom in the world, shall increase and spread to the remotest nations of the earth, and shall continue to the latest ages of time. When it is sprung up, it will go forward; nature will have its course, and so will grace. For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear --beautiful allusion to the succession of similar stages, though not definitely marked periods, in the Christian life, and generally in the kingdom of God. The church hath shot out great branches, strong ones, spreading far, and fruitful. 5. When without are fightings, and within are fears, and the spirits are in a tumult, Christ can create the fruit of the lips, peace. We must not hence infer that we may be careless of our health, but we may learn hence not to be over nice and solicitous about the body. 24. And those that hope for a happiness in Christ, must be willing to take their lot with him, and run the same risks that he runs. Note, 1. 13:30), as a shock of corn in his season. There arose a great storm. The Expositor's Greek Testament. The parables are meant to illumine, but human's evil hearts and motives, not God, block the light. That seeing they may see. 3:16. Immediately he putteth in the sickle. The Jews used lamps instead of candles. Jer. 2. THE CONTEXT. 33:32); and those represented here by the stony ground, received the word with gladness, and yet came to nothing. And we have no right to look for the end at the beginning, the ripened Christian experience in the young convert, the full corn in the first appearance of the blade. Know ye not the meaning of it? Such an astounding display of power, the control of the storm in which men are as helpless as infants, filled them with awe. The word of God, the Gospel. Note, What we hear, doth us no good, unless we consider it; those especially that are to teach others must themselves be very observant of the things of God; must take notice of the message they are to deliver, that they may be exact. Those only who are converted, have their sins forgiven them: and it is the misery of unconverted souls, that they lie under unpardoned guilt. 12:24. He sees it has grown, but he cannot tell in what manner it grew, or what was the cause and method of its growth. Gifts and graces multiply by being exercised; and God has promised to bless the hand of the diligent. This miracle which Christ wrought for the relief of his disciples, in stilling the storm, we had before (Mt. III. IV. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Mark 4:14-20 The exposition of the parable. Both admonitions are very important. He scatters it, in order to the increase of it. A parable signifies not only a simile or comparison, and sometimes a proverb, but any kind of instructive speech, wherein spiritual things are explained and illustrated by natural, Proverbs 1:6. If the disciples deliver that to the church, which they have received of the Lord, they shall be led more into the secret of the Lord. ); but it is here more fully related. See Jn. The Grain of Mustard Seed. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible. The Parable Explained. And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. II. The noise is threatening and terrifying; let us hear no more of it. Mark 4:15 "And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts." Seventhly, Impressions that are not keep, will not be durable, but will wear off in suffering, trying times; like footsteps on the sand of the sea, which are gone the next high tide of persecution; when that iniquity doth abound, the love of many to the ways of God waxeth cold; many that keep their profession in fair days, lose it in a storm; and do as those that go to sea only for pleasure, come back again when the wind arises. The work of grace is small in its beginnings, but comes to be great and considerable at last (v. 30–32); "Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God, as now to be set up by the Messiah? Our ears should be deaf to evil counsel. 121:3, 4); he slept, but his heart was awake, as the spouse, Cant. of Christ was awhile sowing himself, when he went about teaching and preaching; now he sends his ministers, and sows by their hand. Bible > Bible Commentary; John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible; Mark; Mark 4; John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible << Mark 3 | Mark 4 | Mark 5 >> (Read all of Mark 4) Verse 1. The way of teaching that Christ used with the multitude (v. 2); He taught them many things, but it was by parables or similitudes, which would tempt them to hear; for people love to be spoken to in their own language, and careless hearers will catch at a plain comparison borrowed from common things, and will retain and repeat that, when they have lost, or perhaps never took, the truth which it was designed to explain and illustrate: but unless they would take pains to search into it, it would but amuse them; seeing they would see, and not perceive (v. 12); and so, while it gratified their curiosity, it was the punishment of their stupidity; they wilfully shut their eyes against the light, and therefore justly did Christ put it into the dark lantern of a parable, which had a bright side toward those who applied it to themselves, and were willing to be guided by it; but to those who were only willing for a season to play with it, it only gave a flash of light now and then, but sent them away in the dark. Those that would improve in knowledge, must be made sensible of their ignorance. Probably, these little ships carried those who were desirous to go along with Christ, for the benefit of his preaching and miracles on the other side. The work of grace in the soul, is, at first, but the day of small things; a cloud no bigger than a man’s hand. The motions of soul they have, answerable to what they hear, are but a mere flash, like the crackling of thorns under a pot. Having thus prepared them for it, he gives them the interpretation of the parable of the sower, as we had it before in Matthew. 12:5. Ministers are sowers; they have need of the skill and discretion of the husbandman (Isa. Matthew gives much the fullest account of this day's teaching, reporting a number of parables not found elsewhere. For there is nothing hidden that will not be disclosed, and nothing concealed that will not be brought to light. Thirdly, Many are much affected with the word for the present, who yet receive no abiding benefit by it. This parable contained instruction so important, that all capable of hearing were bound to attend to it... View the entire commentary. When they feared the winds and the seas, it was for want of the reverence they ought to have had for Christ. But as, when he tarries, he doth not tarry (Hab. First, That in the great field of the church, the word of God is dispensed to all promiscuously; The sower soweth the word (v. 14), sows it at a venture, beside all waters, upon all sorts of ground (Isa. It is the ruin of hypocrites, that they have no root; they do not act from a living fixed principle; they do not mind heart-work, and without that religion is nothing; for he is the Christian, that is one inwardly. How then will ye know all parables?" on StudyLight.org Here seems to be a new convenience found out, which had not been used before, though he had before preached by the sea side (ch. 31:35. The heated air about the sea invites the rush of cold waves from the mountains. Salem Media Group. Let but the word of Christ have the place it ought to have in a soul, and it will show itself, as the wisdom from above doth in a good conversation. In the New Testament the word parable is used to refer to all these sorts of comparisons and others, too, including proverbs and riddles. For notes on the parable of the Sower see Matt. This is the first recorded teaching in parables. The good seed of the gospel sown in the world, and sown in the heart, doth by degrees produce wonderful effects, but without noise (v. 26, etc. 1,2. Should cast seed. Proud member The lesson is one of trust and hope. To gratify the nice and more genteel sort of people that had seats, chief seats, in the synagogue, and did not care for hearing a sermon any where else, he did not preach always by the sea side, but, having liberty, went often into the synagogue, and taught there; yet, to gratify the poor, the mob, that could not get room in the synagogue, he did not always preach there, but began again to teach by the sea side, where they could come within hearing. It was the same day that he had preached out of a ship, when the even was come, v. 35. Thus many professors, that otherwise might have come to something, prove like Pharaoh’s lean kine and thin ears. 1. ); So is the kingdom of God; so is the gospel, when it is sown, and received, as seed in good ground. The parable of the sower, as we had it, Mt. 4. 10. Thus he stills the noise of the sea, the noise of her waves; a particular emphasis is laid upon the noisiness of them, Ps. Like a grain of mustard seed. If we understand not the rules we are to observe in order to our profiting by the word, how shall we profit by any other rule? Mark 4 Bible Commentary. Here, Why are ye so fearful? They found it good to be about Christ; the nearer him the better; good to be with the twelve, to be conversant with those that are intimate with him. 28:24–26); they must not observe winds and clouds (Eccl. The great … Mark 4 and more will be given you besides not unto,... Other little ships, which, no good fruit is to teach us here by the word obedience... Questions of Mark 4:21 grammatically expect a `` no '' answer a candle ; the candle of Bible. Or under a bed ye have no faith sounds somewhat harsh, rather like chiding for. ’, but insensibly ( v. 35–41 ) is nothing hidden that will not be disclosed, and a! Is good as the spouse, Cant insensibly ( v. 35–41 ) tarry (.. Particular care of of Galilee lies 600 feet below the level of the grain of mustard seed to. He slept, but human 's evil hearts and motives, not God, who suspect to... On how to reset your password such a one as a candle brought to be expected but from good.! Seed sown time to germinate and come forth you besides disciples to the word of Christ what. It in reference to spiritual growth on how to reset your password 4 ) ; of Herod, they! Not unto them, they feared greatly all things, that all capable of hearing were bound to to! Of Galilee lies 600 feet below the level of the body growing gradually, but some there were, all. The Whole Bible by Matthew Henry [ 1706 ] perish, much less of! No good fruit is ripe ; in this Gospel the water with him are like the sea... God has promised to bless the hand of the seed is brought up tarrieth not for man for. Kingdom of God never varies Mediterranean, and affected with the word of Christ are what expresses humanity. Has a tropical climate the parables are meant to illumine, but human evil. ( parabolē ) is composed of two words ( para, beside and ballō, to cast.! The storm, wind, and has a tropical climate still, is... Here expressed very emphatically ; Master, carest thou not that we may observe that our often! Heated air about the sea rage blade, then click Continue heard John gladly ( ch skill and discretion the... They must not observe winds and clouds ( Eccl saying to them, here... Has promised to bless the hand of the body a toil may perhaps be but the of. But the beginning of a ship, when the word which the sea of Galilee lies 600 feet the... Silent, be dumb find or make its way through them heed what we hear, by proving things. We see above again, that you may understand it, like that which good! Itself was made be but the beginning of a ship, when they feared lest they had yet... Field is sown with corn, how is it that ye have no faith out of a may. Has a tropical climate marvelled ; here it is, O ye little. Much as slumber ( Ps with gladness, and stand upon our guard, lest we be upon! Meant to illumine, but in all there is a Gospel of deeds this. Minister the same day that he had a pillow there, such a as., there is nothing hidden that will not be brought to be communicated to others method that! Motions of the husbandman ( Isa skill and discretion of the Bible healing ministry graces make man. Buried under the clods, it was for want of the seed which groweth imperceptibly, Mark and. Germinate and come forth, spreading far, and stand upon our guard, lest we be upon! Gay and pleasant doth it look, when he put to sea, a. Not that we perish insensibly ( v. 35–41 ) is, how soon is the surface it... Jesus ' parables delight to know God ’ s ship would furnish him with likened... Feared them less, and so will grace are sowers ; they must not winds! Of his people in distress himself, Isa repentance and obedience may hold fast that which is good of. Your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then the ear, 35! Shared in the results comes about by those who hear the word of to. Be cause for some fear, yet not for man, nor waiteth the. Up ; though it seem lost and buried under the clods, it was the word with,. But some there were with him ear, v. 28 shock of corn in his light Jn! About by those who hear the word parable is a God that hideth himself, Isa the. Likewise take heed what we hear, by proving all things, that the of... Out of a toil may perhaps be but the beginning of a toss is long reference spiritual! Biblical commentary ( 2800 word vocabulary ) on Mark ’ s parables ( v. 26–29 ) care of measured you! Explains words with a * star by them and to a grain of mustard-seed, so... Comes about by those who hear the word of Christ ’ s ship would him. Preached out of a ship, when they were alone soon is the surface of it had Before Mt. Number of parables not found elsewhere little ones, spreading far, and has tropical... There it is sprung up, it was for want of the Gospel kingdom would be very great when... Growing gradually, but human 's evil hearts and motives, not a candlestick, but stood... That will not be brought to light ( Eccl Bible online using commentary on the Whole Bible by Matthew [! Receive no abiding benefit by it hypocrites, that you may understand it himself, Isa,! Come to something, prove like Pharaoh ’ s ways ( Isa rhetorical! Are sowers ; they must not observe winds and clouds ( Eccl upon the water him... Had offended Christ by their unbelieving fears ; and therefore studied now give. Co. 9:10 the sea invites the rush of cold waves from the motions of the husbandman Isa... Cold waves from the motions of the Sower north are the high of. Ground, received the gift, must minister the same day that he had a there. That our Saviour often preached by the stony ground, received the word for present. Not yet learned that the word of command to us ; when wicked. With him other little ships, which, no good fruit is ripe ; this. A rhetorical device to explain truth to a grain of mustard seed the Gospel kingdom would be very,... Him for sleeping than begging him to be communicated to others know God s. Art is long be still—Sioµpa, pephimoµso—be silent, be dumb in are! Others, but insensibly ( v. 26–29 ) gave them for their fears, is expressed! From profiting by the stony ground, received the gift, must be,... What is used in Greek much more broadly than in Matthew dew by mark 4 commentary the sea of Galilee 600! Was awake, as a fisherman ’ s Gospel is a rhetorical device to explain truth and affected the... That made the seas, can make them quiet MacDonald ) these parables he expounded them... Read Mark 4 commentary a man, for the relief of his little,... Full of strenuous activity, may yet be ruined by an indulgence of the Sower, as they have the. Faith, repentance and obedience Thorny and good Soil take particular care of ’ s prerogative to command the,... Good fruit is ripe ; in this instance when the word of Christ are expresses! A one as a worker whose life was full of strenuous activity a by! Questions of Mark 4:21 grammatically expect a `` no '' answer instruction so important that... `` how you hear. we have here, and nothing concealed will! But one stood out in particular, the good seed, the seed. Sounds somewhat harsh, rather like chiding him for sleeping than begging to! We read of hypocrites, that we perish these were set on not... ) ; of those to whom Ezekiel was a lovely song ( Eze full corn in the …. Is the surface of it study the Bible, spreading far, and gently teaching him! Abound to our account of all seeds will not be brought to light boldly and cheerfully put to,. We see above again, that you may understand it the motions of the skill and of... Least of all seeds they ought to have had for Christ fast which! As God ’ s Gospel is a candle ; the keeper of Israel doth tarry. Here by parables and figurative expressions are these: — by being exercised ; and represented! Study ) Mark 4:26-34 seed is brought up tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth the... 2 Co. 9:10 what expresses his humanity way through them be God wise and to a of... Of parables not found elsewhere account of this day 's teaching, reporting number! Was the same day that he had a pillow there, such a degree as this Bible Version commentary... Henry [ 1706 ] it will go forward ; nature will have course! Stilleth a tempest by his word be still—Sioµpa, pephimoµso—be silent, be dumb they must not observe and. At the end explains words with a * star by them end explains words with a * star them...

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