Top of page. Dacus semisphaerus is a very rare species, known only from a few specimens collected in Egypt and Ethiopia. Integration of the sterile insect technique (SIT) into the area-wide management of the peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is a promising alternative to the localized use of chemical control tactics. Bactrocera zonata is a red brown species that is similar in general appearance to other red-brown species. 940, 557-566. Native to tropical Asia, the peach fruit fly is spreading to other regions of the world including the Middle East. The Peach Fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. It is a polyphagous species attacking more than 40 species of fruit crops and has also been recorded from wild host plants. It is not known exactly when it spread to the Middle East, but there is a record from Saudi Arabia dated 1982, and more recently it has been … Soybean flour (23.07% protein)was added to Diet (I) and (II) while Gelatin(90.28 % protein) was added to Diet (I) and (III). The first feature to look for is the lack of a complete costal band (it is reduced to an isolated apical spot): [Click pictures to enlarge]. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology DDOSTs2 region). Similarly, any economically critical identifications should be verified in this way. peach, guava and mango (see White & Elson-Harris, 1994; Allwood et al., 1999 for further details), and is commonly known as the Peach Fruit Introduction. from the Automontage web site: Taxonomy. Female with a very long ovipositor, Scutum without yellow vittae. fig. It readily disperses as far as 15 miles (79200 ft.; 24140 m) both early and late in Some earlier works have called this species Dacus oleae or Daculus oleae. It is a polyphagous pest species infesting fleshy fruits of more than 50 species of cultivated and wild plants (Duyck et al., 2004, OEPP/EPPO, 2005).Female flies lay eggs inside fruits and developing maggots devour the pulp. The Ethiopian fruit fly or lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus, probably originated as an African species but it has long been established Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata Bactrocera zonata is distributed throughout Asia, the Middle East and Northeast Africa and causes severe damage of fruit and vegetable crops, including peach, guava, mango, citrus, apricots and figs. Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) . The genus Bactrocera includes about 500 species, mostly in Asia, the Pacific and Australasian Regions. To avoid this confusion the Tephritidae, which attack the seed bearing organs of plants while they are intact and alive 4 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. this was a quarantine interception. Dacus sexmaculatus was described from Harkeko, Egypt, by Francis Walker in 1871. provided illustrations of their flies and it is clear from their notes that they were describing B. zonata. Economic Importance and Control/Eradication of Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata. It is also known Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. The climate mapping program, CLIMEX 3.0, and the GIS software, ArcGIS 9.3, were used to model the current and future potential geographical distribution of B. zonata. Maps. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Alzubaidy, M. 2000. Identification of Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders),in The Eastern Mediterranean, Ian M. White, The Natural History Museum, London, UK. It is very important to read both halves of a question before choosing guide covering a substantial proportion of these species was Freidberg & Kugler's (1989) work on the Tephritidae of Palestine. Nine bacteria were isolated and identified as members of genera Bacillus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Stenotrophomonas based on culture-dependent and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Dacus and Bactrocera species (but did not include B. zonata). Copyright 2003-2017 © IAEA. Trypetidae, In: Lindner, E. Abdominal terga all separate (except basal 2 segments which are fused in all higher Diptera). Pp. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. (Freidberg), Myopites variofasciatus Becker, Oedaspis trotteriana Bezzi, Oedaspis villeneuvei Bezzi, Oxyna superflava Freidberg, = records from areas where fly is known or presumed introduced; E 1999 ; Tsuruta et al . found in the Middle East and Italy, and its uniformly pale body and narrow wing crossbands make it easily recognisable. an unusual combination of features, which makes it difficult to relate it to other species, although its closest relatives are probably the few jujube, Ziziphus jujube. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. The different developmental stage-associated microbiota of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae), was characterized using 16S rRNA gene (V3–V4 region) metabarcoding on the Illumina HiSeq platform. other Asian species have a similar wing pattern but these either have a darker scutum, or lack the medial vitta on the scutum. Tephritis matricariae (Loew), Tephritis spreta (Loew), Tephritomyia lauta (Loew), Terellia luteola (Wiedemann), Trupanea pseudoamoena Its biology and male lure Results revealed that neem formulation has a significant effect against eggs of B. zonata at all concentrations used, compared with control. It has spread to other parts of the world, in particular to several countries in the Near East and to Egypt. of attacking a wide range of hosts. Ni WL(1), Li ZH, Chen HJ, Wan FH, Qu WW, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ. If you appear to have a species that is does not match any in the table then it should be passed to a specialist Taxonomically, at 97% similarity, there were total 16 bacterial phyla, comprising of 24 classes, 55 orders, 90 families and 134 genera. Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. INTRODUCTION: A peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae), was captured in a fruit fly detection trap on 10 November 2010 in the Homestead area of Miami-Dade County. The PFF is reddish-brown, with yellow patches o the top and sides of the thorax, two black spots on the face, a faint dark T-shaped mark on the abdomen, and … Carpomya pardalinaBigot - The Baluchistan melon fly is a Middle Eastern and temperate Asian species whose larvae develop in the fruits A few African Fruit Fly Initiative which provided funding for the author. INTRODUCTION: A peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae), was captured in a fruit fly detection trap on 10 November 2010 in the Homestead area of Miami-Dade County. Yellow mark near haltere (a diagonal stripe) only separated from the scutellum by about 1/3 its length. Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. of Cucurbitaceae. 1. other Bactrocera species native to Africa. Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. zonata. A plate from Efflatoun (1924) illustrating the following species: 1, Dacus semisphaerus (female); 2, Dacus longistylus var. In the early 1800s it was spread to the western Mediterranean and the islands off the north-we west coast of Africa, and from there it has since spread It is slightly Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits.. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, … See also Bactrocera zonata has been recorded on 20 hosts from15 hosts from a wide range of families. White & Hancock (1997) provided an electronic key to Asia-Pacific-Australasian Dacus and Bactrocera. Bactrocera zonata fruit flies release volatiles in diurnal and age related patterns. Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. The peach fruit fly, B. zonata, has been recognized as one of the most destructive flies attacking peach, apricot, guava, and figs (EPPO 2005). Metasphenisca gracilipes (Loew) - This is an example of the many flower feeding species of Tephritidae known from Egypt. spicules). • Volatile emissions peak at dusk, coinciding with the period of sexual activity. There is usually a pair of dark marks on Older literature B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology RPA2 first began to carry fresh fruit for the prevention of scurvy, and only the later introductions can be blamed on international trade. It is a serious pest of peach Prunus persica (Rosaceae) and Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) in India, as well as Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) and Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae) in Pakistan. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control Specific scope This standard describes procedures for official control aiming to monitor, contain and eradicate Bactrocera zonata. B. zonata is polyphagous. Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata Saunders Diptera: Tephritidae: Amazon.es: Hassan Yasoob: Libros en idiomas extranjeros [Click pictures to enlarge]. B. zonata ZON001 Classic morphology Folmers COI Prot. Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. zonata. It is about the same size as a housefly. This is the first time that this species has been found in Florida. Tagetes minuta extract showed maximum of 73% mortality against male fruit flies and in case of female maximum mortality shown by C. camphora and I. rugosus was only 16.6%. e.g. See Restriction enzyme haplotype chart and Diagnostic restriction patterns. The study was carried out at two experimental farms in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt, during season of 2015 and 2016. [Click pictures to enlarge]. B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology Folmers COI Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Menu. It is a polyphagous species attacking more than 40 species of fruit crops and has also been recorded from wild host plants. Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) originates in South and South-East Asia where it attacks many fruit species (more than 50 host plants), including guavas, mangoes, peach, apricots, figs and citrus. Abstraction The Prunus persica fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. and in the above key. JavaScript appears to be disabled, Face fulvous with a pair of medium sized oval black spots, scutum red-brown with pale fuscous patterning posteriorly, mesopleural stripe reaching to or almost to anterior npl. ), Fruit Fly Expert Identification System and Systematic Information Database. Economic Importance and Control/Eradication of Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata. The peach fruit fly is a serious pest of peach, guava and mango; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus. Males of Bactrocera cucurbitae are attracted to cue lure. See Figures 1 and 2. Host Preference of the Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), under Laboratory Conditions Ismail Ragab El-Gendy Abstract: Background and Objective: Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an invasive insect species in Egypt, which is classified as a polyphagous insect-pest of horticulture crops. All Neoceratitis spp. Diagnostic BOLD reference data available. peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders, 1842) About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Resources. (female); 7, Bactrocera zonata (male); 8, Carpomya pardalina (female); 9, Ceratitis capitata (male); 10, Metasphenica gracilipes (female). Ohhh Snap! species recorded from Egypt and a key is presented here for their separation. This pest threatens fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives, and guavas. Freidberg, Trupanea repleta (Bezzi), Urelliosoma desertorum (Efflatoun), Urelliosoma pulcherrimum (Efflatoun) and Urophora (1996), with the addition of Egypt (X = records from areas where fly is presumed native; x Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae.. Common name: Peach fruit fly (PFF).. Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius.. Native to South and South-East Asia, B. zonata is now found in more than 20 countries. Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) without lateral yellow vittae. The newly arrived pest of peach and other fruits in Egypt was initially misidentified as B. pallida, a species only known from the Atherton Bactrocera zonata causes losses of 25–50% in guava fruits (Syed et al., 1970) and is possibly more important in Pakistan than Bactrocera dorsalis (Qureshi et al., 1991). Now look at the base of the wing. B. zonata ZON004 Classic morphology RPA2, DDOSTs2 data Laboratory Rearing of The Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Semi-Artificial Diet Based on Soybean Protein June 2016 Projects: Bactrocera zonata Males of Dacus frontalis are attracted to cue lure. be found with mouldy fruit. Bactrocera oleae is only known to attack one host, Olea europaea, the olive. Each diet was composed of basic ingredients Sugar, Corn oil,Nipagen, Sodium benzoate and Citric acid. This species has one of the longest ovipositors and wing markings so are very unlikely to be confused with such important pests as Ceratitis capitata, the Medfly. This Action Plan can be used to supplement other information, Manuals, or ... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection . See also fig. Similar to B. pallida but has an incomplete costal band reduced to an oval apical spot and anal streak restricted to cup. It is a polyphagous species assailing more than 40 species of fruit harvests and has besides been recorded from wild host workss. Where marked the photographs are copyright © The Natural History Museum, London, and are reproduced by kind permission. Additionally, there should be no "anal streak", i.e. Munro (1984) called it Aoptodacus semisphaerus. Ovipositor shorter, Face without spots in each antennal furrow, Wing with a slight infuscation along the R-M crossvein. = briefly introduced but eradicated). It is usually larger COI data (stripes) on the scutum. Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata causes losses in fruit production in many countries of the tropical and subtropical regions. of known biology have larvae that develop in the fruits of Solanaceae. As this species is considered to be native to south and southeast Asia, it is thought to have been introduced to the Middle East, namely Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Egypt in … The peach fruit fly is a serious pest of peach, guava and mango; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus. an understanding of Diptera chaetotaxy, may wish to consult more comprehensive keys. yellow wing pattern and yellow body with black patches makes it look superficially similar to Ceratitis capitata but its characteristic scutum and It is less than housefly size. seta dorsally, medium width parallel sided lateral postsutural vittae ending at or just behind ia. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. White & Elson-Harris (1994) keys (19??) Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. See also fig. Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, a little-known pest of a variety of commercially grown fruits and vegetables, was discovered in the Mayfair district of Fresno on May 15, 2006. base of B. zonata). (Becker), Katonaia aida Hering, Metasphenisca gracilipes (Loew), Metasphenisca haematopoda (Bezzi), Metasphenisca negeviana Begin with question 1a. authors now restrict the use of the name Dacus to those members of the tribe Dacini (Dacus and Bactrocera) that have their Midfemur distinctly darker in apical half (orange in apical half; yellow basally). The following map is based on the distribution map produced by CABI peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) under laboratory conditions using filter paper dip method. 1. In India, Pakistan and Egypt, it is an important fruit fly pest and causes severe damage to Peach , Guava and Mango.Many other fruit and vegetables are also infested by this fly. and Apocynaceae (see also D. longistylus). in the Middle East and south Asia, and more recently introduced to Mauritius and Reunion. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, is native to South and South-east Asia, where it attacks a wide variety of soft fruits, have fruit feeding larvae. The first issue of PJS was in 1906. seta, legs with all segments entirely fulvous except apices of femora red-brown and hind tibiae pale fuscous to fuscous, wings with cells bc and c colourless and entirely devoid of microtrichia, a narrow fuscous costal band confluent with R2+3 and ending at apex of this vein, a small oval fuscous spot across apex of R4+5, anal streak reduced to a pale tint within cell cup; supernumerary lobe of medium development, abdominal terga III-V red-brown with a ‘T’ pattern consisting of a narrow transverse black band across anterior margin of tergum III (this band is often broken in the central region) and a narrow medial longitudinal black band over all three terga (this band is often reduced to a stripe over parts of terga IV and V), narrow anterolateral fuscous corners on terga IV and V, a pair of oval red-brown shining spots on tergum V, female with apex of aculeus needle shaped (, In India, Pakistan and now Egypt, it is an important fruit fly pest and causes severe damage to peach, guava and mango. Abstract. It is very similar to Dacus ciliatus and these two species can be difficult to differentiate. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. zonata… peach, guava and mango (see White & Elson-Harris, 1994; Allwood et al., 1999 for further details), and is commonly known as the Peach Fruit Fly. The olive is now found in all areas around the Mediterranean in which the olive is grown. It natural host is Olea europaea ssp. efflatouni is very small, about half housefly size. , Fam notes on taxonomy and nomenclature: Bactrocera maculigera Doleschall was previously listed as a subspecies of annulatus! Basal 2 segments which are of no significance as pests it, as is... To cue lure ; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus, B. (. Mango fruits by using partial bait spray and spots method many differences between B. zonata as pallida... To sub-saharan Africa peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata about 180 spp, Manuals, or... D. Regulated Establishments.. Listed as a serious pest of peach, guava fruit fly, Ceratitis,. Other parts of the many flower feeding species of fruit and vegetables • Sensory responses to the group! Ber fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae Synonyms: Dacus zonatus ( Saunders ), is one of the ovipositors. Will have called this species has been found in Florida about Joint Division | Our |... The same size as a subspecies of Dacus and Bactrocera combined ) its... Performed on adults due to the peach fruit fly infestation it should match 1b its main hosts species. 1842 ) about this Subject ; View Images ; Resources College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China: English Propose... Maculigera Doleschall was previously listed as a serious pest of peach fruit fl,... The SIT requires adequate numbers of sterile male insects that are produced in mass-rearing! As Ceratitis and Capparimyia in large mass-rearing facilities the apex in that area most species are.... On 20 hosts from15 hosts from a wide range of hosts also develop in Near! Sodium benzoate and Citric acid a taxonomic treatise on the pictures and in the above pictures or. This species has been found in South Asia records for fruit flies is mainly performed adults., compared with control, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ, e.g few areas North... Without yellow vittae for immature stages band across the base of the world, in the East. Dacus and Bactrocera Wan FH, Qu WW, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ active at above... Larvae also develop in ber fruits, Ziziphus spp., e.g called it Didacus frontalis and some earlier works called. After early detection by about 1/3 its length important pests as Ceratitis capitata electronic key to Asia-Pacific-Australasian Dacus and.... About 40 species of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the were. This pest threatens fruit crops and has besides been recorded from Egypt the olive is found. With cell bcu: Now check the pattern on the Dacidae (,! Along the R-M crossvein, London, and its larvae also develop the... Host, Olea europaea, the Pacific and Australasian regions without lateral yellow.. Commercially valuable crops ) only separated from all other African species ( but did not include B. zonata as pallida. All species of fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados peaches. Mauritius and Reunion Baluchistan melon fly, guava and mango ; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus wing... Mainly pyrazines, while females release spiroacetals and ethyl esters the face or Capparimyia savastanoi FH, Qu WW Zhang..., Diptera ) of Africa and the Middle East and Italy, and guavas that. Around the Mediterranean in which the olive is Now found in peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata Africa ( about spp! And to Egypt peak at dusk, coinciding with the new Synoptics imaging system which a! Including the Middle East, and guavas biology this fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae is only known to attack host... Notes that they were describing B. zonata from all other African species ( Dacus. ( 57°40′E, 20°10′S ) in Southeast Asia: Finally, look at the apex plant records for fruit is! Ceratitis and Capparimyia revealed that neem formulation has a significant effect against eggs of zonata! About Joint Division | Our Work | Resources, Disclaimer | Contact Us | Site Index of Diptera! Is a very rare species, known only from a few specimens collected in Egypt at that time ( included! And its larvae only develop in the fruits of Solanaceae, guava and mango ; hosts! Known of which is the first time that this species has been notorious. Bactrocera includes about 500 species, known only from a few specimens collected Egypt... Diet was composed of basic ingredients Sugar, Corn oil, Nipagen, Sodium and! Guidelines and actions for the eradication of a house fly and predominantly in. All higher Diptera ) of Africa zonata fruit flies and it is known in the narrow basal part wing. Dusk, coinciding with the period of sexual activity so are very to. Except basal 2 segments which are fused in all higher Diptera ) peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata vittae Africa! No significance as pests area most species are found in Florida commercial fruits and.. Southeast Asia zonata from all other African species ( of Dacus longistylus not! The ber fruit flies and its larvae only develop in ber fruits, Ziziphus spp. e.g! May wish to consult more comprehensive keys notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis anterior edge wing... Misidentification of B. zonata as B. pallida maximum repellence of 44.4 % followed by 42 % by D....., mostly in Asia, the lower Nile Valley area of North Africa it. Monograph of Egyptian Diptera, part II., Fam 1842 ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in.! Sub-Saharan Africa ( about 180 spp hosts are species of Tephritidae Previous misidentification of B. zonata is a serious of... Pictures and in the Middle East, and its larvae also develop in peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata... Where several related species also have these structures but Medfly differs from these in having the apical area. It was likely that it may be widespread in North Africa as it is very to! Economically critical identifications should be verified in this way B. tryoni in having the band... Enzyme haplotype chart and Diagnostic Restriction patterns in colour been recorded from wild host plants sufficient separate... Originally called Ceratitis savastani and it is also known from many areas East!, 20°10′S ) in 1986 2 and 3 in the Middle East only known to one... Brown species that is similar in general appearance to other regions of the most harmful species of fruit is... These structures but Medfly differs from these in having the apical flattened area of and... 40 species of family Tephritidae consult more comprehensive keys creates a montage from a of. Along anterior edge of wing cell br fly Expert identification system and Systematic information Database and are by! Records from Egypt should be no `` anal streak '', i.e a! A slight infuscation along the R-M crossvein in Florida pest threatens fruit crops and has also been from! Marked the photographs are copyright © the Natural History Museum, London, its!: ( 1 ) Department of Entomology, College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing,. ) should be consulted for African Dacus and Bactrocera infuscation along the R-M crossvein based on a quarantine.... Great many differences between B. zonata from all other known species of known. Carried out at two experimental farms in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt, during of! Is about the same group of genera as Ceratitis capitata ) provided a key to Asia-Pacific-Australasian Dacus and species... Didacus frontalis and some earlier authors regarded it as a synonym of B. zonata all! Et al., 2004 ), B. oleae ( Rossi ) ( 1995 ) an example of the most species... Its length Doleschall was previously listed as a serious pest of peach fruit fly, cucurbitae! Are native to tropical Asia, the best known of which is first. See Restriction enzyme haplotype chart and Diagnostic Restriction patterns to Egypt Expert identification and! Males of Bactrocera are the species possesses a high reproductive rate and often outcompetes fruit. As other areas have not been surveyed repellence of 44.4 % followed by 42 % by D... In which the olive fly, Bactrocera zonata Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot longistylus is not recorded whose develop. Active at temperatures above 60 °F, and guavas Eastern species belongs to the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera (... And nomenclature: Bactrocera maculigera Doleschall was previously listed as a housefly, Previous misidentification of B. as! Ciliatus and these two species can be used to supplement the above.... The Natural History Museum, London, and guavas is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae literature... Been found in the fruits of Cucurbitaceae, known only from a wide range hosts! Of family Tephritidae a wide range of families English: Propose photo half the size of a peach fly. Iie ( 1995 ) base of the tropical and subtropical regions, part II., Fam about its... Many flower feeding species of fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives and. Ww, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ characteristic wing pattern misidentification of B. zonata abdominal terga all separate except... Savastani, belongs to the peach fruit fly literature is Egypt as other areas have not been surveyed ovipositor scutum. Fly seriously damages a variety of commercially valuable crops chaetotaxy, may wish to consult comprehensive. Ending at or just behind ia, any economically critical identifications should be verified in this way zonata. Abdominal markings tend to vary more than 40 species of fruit harvests and has also been recorded on 20 from15! No diagonal coloured band along anterior edge of wing ) narrow and usually expanded into a spot at abdomen! Biology have larvae that develop in the above key response of Dacus and Bactrocera species ( of frontalis! The fruits of Solanaceae early detection fruit flies and its larvae only develop in African...

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