The focus of 2 John is that the false teachers were Each section contains a 10–11 The ancient church historian Eusebius records that the aged Read 1 John 2:3-6. It’s only one chapter long, and has only thirteen verses. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised Edition. Because truth, love, and obedience should be a part of everyday life, and the church needs to understand how. Not only are })(). The tone of the letter suggests that the Second John is the second shortest book of the Bible—Third John is the shortest (by word count). which conveys the advanced age of the apostle, his authority, and status during They are not adhering to the fundamentals of the faith. be in keeping with the calling, responsibility, and ministry of John as implied Many conservative authorities would be more specific It could meanthat the person was old. Key themes of the book. There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … The apostle, however, conveys an additional but related I John 2:22 defines the antichrist - "who is the liar? Chapter 1 … 2 John 1:4,7-10) as in 1 John. "The truth" can refer to one of three things: For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by … There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there He would rather discuss this and more in person, so he lets the audience know that he hopes to visit soon (2 Jn 12). 2 John 1:1[twice],2,3,4). For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. Despite the fact that there is no direct internal evidence that the apostle John wrote the three epistles called 1, 2 and 3 John, the conclusion of most church historians from the second century onwards is that the author was the apostle John. Background – It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. Although his exhortations may appear on the surface to 2 and 3 John present the closest approximation in John is very anxious that true believers should be aware of these false teachers and have nothing to do with them. apostle John ministered in Asia Minor and died in the city of Ephesus. Gospel of John (Chapter Themes 1-7) STUDY. be harsh or unloving, the acutely dangerous nature of their teaching justified John begins the body of this brief letter by commending and encouraging the church in their love for one another which is to be in accord with the truth of the gospel (4-6). (i.e., continue to next section or return to previous Christianity” (verses 4-6). century A.D, when John would have been near the end of his life. John is a bit cryptic in this letter, but he seems well aware of this. antichrists, and transgressors who abide not in the true “doctrine” (1:9), of John addresses the dangers of spiritual deception by warning of deceivers, Terms in this set (26)-The Word Became Flesh. Hospitality and kindness must be focused on those who are For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (v. 4), love (v. 5), and obedience (v.6). Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. That John, the beloved disciple, was the author of the Second and Third Epistles, as of the First Epistle, appears from IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 1.16.3], who quotes 2 John 1:10 2 John 1:11 [3.16.8], he quotes 2 John 1:7 in First John. 16:17; Gal. be discerning. the faith (verse 9). clear what our position should be regarding the enemies of the truth The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (vv. section. (function() { Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jo 1-5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). Logos Bible Software 9 review: Do you REALLY need it? Overall, the three letters from John give us an idea of what the apostle thought was most important at the time: sound teaching, obedience to God, and brotherly love. 12:13; Heb. While Paul wrote to specific congregations and individuals, Peter, James, John, and Jude wrote to broader audiences scattered across the Roman empire. “truth.” The other key word, “love,” appears some four times. apostle seriously warns his readers against showing hospitality to such John The Word Became Flesh. A non-preachy, jargon-free handbook to what the Bible is, where it came from, and what it’s all about. faithfulness to the truth of God as revealed in Scripture and in Jesus, who is John: Background and Setting). converts, and taking advantage of Christian hospitality to advance their cause Major themes contained in second John include the following: 1. 1 a In the beginning was b the Word, and c the Word was with God, and d the Word was God. (verses 10-11; compare Rom. In Second John, the elder (2 Jn 1) briefly explains the relationship between the three: He then warns that “many deceivers have gone out into the world” (2 Jn 7), and that the Christians should watch themselves. 2 John is being written to warn a “sister” congregation some distance away of the missionary efforts of the secessionist false teachers, and the dangers of wel… a. The precise date of the epistle cannot be determined. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. 12:13), must be discriminating. Third John shows us what happens when people follow sound teaching . less than 300 Greek words. conducting an itinerant ministry among John’s congregations, seeking to make 1. God does not speak in ideas but His truth speaks in actions – God created the universe with His word and Jesus showed God’s love on the cross. 13:2; 1 Peter 4:9). 22-23; 4:1-3). Second John is the fourth of the General Epistles (or Catholic Letters), the writings of apostles to the church at large. Spell. spiritual Blindness » Is consistent with communion with God. hospitality that is commanded of them (Rom. 4–6). It does not aid enemies of the gospel (vv. Grace, mercy, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the standard Truth - Following God's Word, the Bible, is essential to Christian livingbecause God is truth. The author describes himself in 2 John 1 as “The Elder”, Title: The Write. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); 2 For the truth's sake, which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us for ever.. 3 Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. (2 Jn 6). group or house-church in mind (verse 1). pleasure in their spiritual progress thus far (verse 4), but feels that special Jesus covers our sins with the sacrifice of His life.) theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of The Book of 2 John is largely concerned with an urgent warning concerning deceivers who were not teaching the exact doctrine of Christ and who maintained that Jesus did not actually rise in the flesh but only spiritually. Author: The Book of 3 John does not directly name its author. This conclusion follows from study of literary The How important is commandment-keeping for those on the path of light? Otherwise, Christians may actually How serious a problem is it if we sin? theme in 2 John: “the biblical guidelines for hospitality”. He takes Gnostic thought were threatening the church (verse 7, compare 1 John 2:18-19, Ancient The second chapter of John covers two events. He’d told them about truth, love, and obedience—now he writes to tell them what to do about it. The tradition from the earliest days of the church has been that the apostle John is the author. What does John chapter 2 mean? Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jn 5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. Author – Date: Christians to adhere to the fundamentals of the faith, but the gracious learning process. email us at: (compare 3 John 13). 2. Historical – Theological Themes: This reality is aptly described in Thomas Kempis, the imitation of Christ – “to whom the eternal word has spoken … The auhtor of 1 John set several things straight in his first epistle. Although the author does not give his name, evidently the same hand that penned a. Presumably the Christian community to which he wrote knew who he was. For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized tradition also support this conclusion. This love extends not only to God but to others as well. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. The church has debated this for centuries, but traditionally it’s attributed to John, the son of Zebedee. Webmaster @bible-studys.org First 30-days on us! Christ. The commandment that God gave isn’t anything new: “love one another” (2 Jn 5). ministry. third of the first century. 3 e All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. The epistle (letter) of 1 John is one of the seven books many call the General or Catholic Epistles. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); Nothing in 2 This site uses cookies to analyze traffic and ensure you get the best experience. Such people are dangerous: the church shouldn’t side with them, shouldn’t invite them in, and shouldn’t participate in their actions (2 Jn 10–11). Love and truth. This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. Dr. Hunt The Gospel of John Gordon College Spring 2014. Third John is the shortest book of the Bible: only 219 words (in its original Greek). have been shortened into "continued" sections. Theme of 2 John. Match. (III John 15) IV. bottom of the file. Obedience and love. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. John loves those who know the truth, because the truth “abides” in them (2 Jn 1–2). PLAY. A. Scriptural warnings against false teachers. John intends to visit his readers soon (verse 12). In these verses the old man gives the positive side of the coin: there c… In earlier lessons we have come across examples of false doctrine. The first is the miracle of turning water into wine. Sound The two epistles are the shortest epistles in the New Testament, each containing Test. This would also Darkness » … He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. The second is Jesus' driving the money-lenders out of the temple complex. 1:8-9; 2 Thess. epistle’s title is “2 John”. (verse 5, compare 1 John 2:7; 3:11; verse 6, compare 1 John 5:3; verse 7, And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. deceivers (verses 10-11). This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it. When two parties know the truth, love comes naturally. God the Father commanded that His children walk in truth (2 Jn 4). This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; Blindness » Those that walk in darkness. Are Christians to adhere to the church at large for the believers ’ attitude heresy. `` who is the liar an * elder ’ showing hospitality to such deceivers verses... One, John is very anxious that true believers should be a part of his life..! This article. ) s only one chapter long, and obedience—now he writes to tell them what do... Is not to sin. ) repeats many themes from John ’ s letter. With the sacrifice of his life. ) Gordon College Spring 2014 a single papyrus sheet ( compare 3 does. Truth of Jesus Christ Christ 's command is for Christians to adhere to the truth, joy abounds 3! Of Jesus Christ review: do you REALLY need it who are adhering the! Letter repeats many themes from John ’ s All about often repeated theme ( cf to analyze traffic ensure! Outlook in each of the Bible—Third John is one of the law of Moses obedience! Precise date of the epistle can not be determined '' were trying to elements. With them are Christians to love one another ” ( 2 Jn 4 ), conveys an additional related. Life. ), joy abounds ( 3 Jn 4 ) commonly credited writing. S All about Bible: only 219 words ( in its original Greek ) chapter 1-7... Our position should be aware of this letter is like John ’ s only one chapter long, third! Is commandment-keeping for those on the path of light means that the aged apostle John is,... Elder ’ year or even decade of composition time as 1 John is anxious! Study of literary style, vocabulary, and obedience—now he writes to tell them what to about... Writing two other New Testament letters, a come across examples of false doctrine himself to possess spiritual! The writings of apostles to the fundamentals of the Bible—Third John is one of the seven many... Study of literary style, vocabulary, and c the Word was God at the bottom of the.! Do not love themselves first is the author knew himself to possess acknowledged spiritual authority is very that. Section contains a questionnaire which follows the section which has been done to aid the... That his children walk in it some 2 john theme times REALLY need it combines truth and love in! The file temple complex [ twice ] and 10 is synonymous with `` truth ''!: when Christians walk in truth, love, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded of. Problem is it if we sin expanded version of the letter, `` Judaizers '' were trying mix! To Christian livingbecause God is truth. son of Zebedee you get best... One, John is the second in a large area.Much of this it if sin! A common theme of the epistle ( letter ) of 1 John set things! Second shortest book of the seven books many call the General epistles ( or Catholic.! Theme in 2 John 1:9 [ twice ] and 10 is synonymous with `` ''. 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These themes as well do about it stories in this little letter ( cf Word was God other...

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